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Basin Taps

Bath Taps

deckmounted bath Taps

Floor Mounted Taps

concealed bath/shower Taps

exposed thermostatic mixers

concealed thermostatic mixers

BATHROOM TAPS

Mixers are an essential part of our bathrooms and kitchens. Largely contributes to the complete appearance of the interior. Usually divided into mixers for sinks, showers, bidets and bathtubs. Mixers have a variety of shapes and are variously combined material. Previously used mixers gradually gave way to more practical and more economical water batteries. Universal mixers are still clearly specialized and their functions are often complementary. Mixers are essential in any modern bathroom and kitchen. When choosing battery we shall decided according to its use. This means whether we need a bath, washbasin, shower, kitchen sink or bidet mixer.

The easiest water tap can be described as a pair of pipes for hot and cold water connected to a single tube.

Porcelanosa Grupo produces taps with very good functionality, interesting and original appearance and also with technical innovations, using advanced technologies..

A little history of taps

Mixers are the final element in the path of the water from the mountains or lakes to the people, for whom the water and the air are the most vital essences.

Ancestors of today's taps have been known since ancient times. Around the eighteenth century BC was in Babylon consolidated system of water equipment including many of the inlet pipe.

It is also known that the ancient Greeks knew the shower, using special sinks and tubs for washing the hair or feet and were at all with the culture of the body at a high level. At the peak of Greek civilization there have been found warm baths, bathtubs and pools in most homes.

In Europe in the Middle Ages generally has fallen standards of hygiene. For personal hygiene man did not make a separate area.

During the Renaissance, people wash in the bedroom in wash basins, in which was furniture with shelves and desk, on which stood a tin or ceramic sink. Above, it was hanging a water tank with drain tap and below it, in a closed cabinet a bucket for dirty water.

The situation changed in middle of the eighteenth century, when people gradually started to take more care in their hygiene. At home, they began to explore with wooden tubs and basins, that served to cleanse the body of the whole family. Eventually there were metal baths which were produced by many plumbers from metal parts , copper bathtubs that were obviously expensive, were used by people from the wealthier classes. Water was poured into the bath with buckets, so there was nothing like taps or mixers. Such baths only had wooden drains.

Many years went to implement mixers with two valves - one for cold and one for hot water. This did not change until 1937, when the American Alfred Moen invented the single-lever mixer. In 1945 Landis Perry designed the world's first ball valve for mixers, whose aim was to ensure the sufficient mixed flow and its continuous monitoring, the mechanism was quite simple, efficient and good sealing. Perry patented the invention by the 1952 year.

Sometime later were introduced mixers with ceramic cartridge and ceramic seals, which are widely used today. Compared with the earlier used rubber mixer, this have a much longer life and better sealing.

More recently were invented filters built into the mixers , -reducing chlorine, lead and bubbles in the water.

DISTRIBUTION MIXER BY LOCATION:

  • Sink mixer
  • Shower mixer
  • Bidet mixer
  • Bath tub mixers.

DISTRIBUTION BY ASSEMBLY:

  • Wall mixer
  • concealed mixer
  • Floor mounted mixer.

DISTRIBUTION BY PERFORMANCE:

  • lever mixers
  • thermostatic mixers
  • contactless mixers
  • mixers with timer .

CONSTRUCTION OF MIXERS

The design of mixers from different manufacturers are not much different and is very closely associated with the production technology. Today, still dominates cast brass and its subsequent surface treatment.

CARTRIDGE

It is one of the most important parts of the mixers, handles the mixing of hot and cold water and flow control in one. It has a cylindrical shape, and the most common diameters are from 25 to 60 mm. The principle function of cartridges is ,that two finely polished ceramic discs with apertures to each other and rotates depending on ,how their openings overlap, are controled by the resulting flow and water temperature.

Currently, the most common cartridge is ceramic, because it reduces the noise, is durable and reliable. Older types of taps use other systems for mixing water, such as a metal ball that was sealed with a rubber gasket. This solution was less reliable and cause shorter life of taps.

AERATOR

The aerator is like the mouth of the mixers, from which water flows out. Its main function is to direct the flow of water coming from the taps and the enrichment of air to reduce water consumption. They are special types of aerators which have additional features such as:

  • Limit the flow
  • Set the direction of the outflow
  • Anticalcium.

WATER BRAKE

The water brake in the first phase, opens the taps lever position, which transmits only a limited flow of water,but without problems is enough for normal washing. If we want to increase the flow rate is needed to overcome the resistance of the brake of the taps.

THERMOSTATIC MIXERS

Thermostatic taps provide the precise mixing to the desired temperature in a short time and thereby reduce the consumption of water that is wasted at discharge.The function of thermostatic taps is based on one of the properties of materials with shape memory. It uses two pressure springs - one ordinary and the other of steel, special alloy, which move through the slide to control hot and cold water. By adjusting the bias using the controller you can set the desired temperature. The compressed spring always reacts on the temperature of the mixed water. Increasing the temperature, expands and closes the movement of hot water inlet valves and vice versa opens with the temperature decrease below the selected setting

Thermostatic taps are usually underestimated because of ignorance of their indisputable advantages that lies not only in the comfort of use, but also saving water and energy. Another plus for thermostatic taps is safety and especially for families with children. Thermostatic mixers have a child safety lock against scalding. Thermostatic mixers also operate on the principle of mixing hot and cold water.

NEW TRENDS

An important innovation in recent years represents primarily the use of one-touch, proximity and sensor taps. Its use is usualy found in public buildings and social institutions, where their main advantage is the increased level of hygiene.

In the future we can expect the emergence of new technologies for the treatment of surfaces. At present, for example PVD.

CHROME PLATING

Chrome is the most common surface finish for taps - about 87%. The body of such taps, usually are made of brass, the layer of chrom has a thickness of only 0.3 -0.5 microns. Chrome plating can be applied to various materials. Perhaps levers are in some manufacturers made of plastic with the advantage that the lever is not cold to the touch as a metal and is of course also cheaper in production.

Glossy and matt chrom surface is obtained by a special galvanic application of chromium. The surface has very good resistance to weathering and corrosion.

STAINLESS STEEL

Stainless steel has a matte finish. It is a material highly resistant to corrosion, abrasion, chemical attack and high temperatures. Stainless steel is often used in healthcare, because u can use it to reach almost sterile cleanliness.

The use of stainless steel in taps is environmentally friendly and has a longer life. Stainless steel is also totally recyclable and the production itself, less threatening the environment.

©2017 PORCELANOSA Grupo CZ, s.r.o